Obesity among P1 children by deprivation in Glasgow (SIMD)Obesity by deprivation 2015

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The level of obesity among Primary 1 pupils has decreased slightly across Glasgow in the past four years, the average rate falling from 6.8% in 2011/12 to 5.9% in 2014/15.

However, the decrease has been more pronounced in the least deprived decile (a decrease of 16.2%, from 3.1% to 2.6%) than in the most deprived decile (a decrease of 1.7%, from 7.8% to 7.7%). This widening of the gap between the most and least deprived deciles means that the obesity rate in the most deprived decile is now almost three times higher than the obesity rate in the least deprived decile.  


 Children who are in their first year of primary school (P1 pupils usually aged 4-5 years old) have their height and weight measured and results recorded on a national  child health school system. These measurements can be used to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children based on a reference population representing the normal pattern of growth for healthy children (UK 1990 growth reference standards).  A child is classified as overweight if his/her BMI is in the highest ten percent of values for boys and girls of this age and obese if his/her BMI is in the highest five per cent.  A child with a BMI  that is in the top two percent is classified as severely obese. Historically, within NHS Greater Glasgow & Clyde, data have only been collected in Renfrewshire, but the entire Board area has been covered since 2011/12.

Figures from elsewhere in Scotland can be accessed here.

Figures for Scotland, Selected Scottish Cities, and Clyde Valley Councils are a subset of data from the annual ISD report Primary 1 Body Mass Index (BMI) Statistics Scotland (published 16/02/2016). The report can be found on the ISD website as follows: details on data sources, methods and definitions can be found in the report

Figures for Glasgow by deprivation and by neighbourhood are provided by Information Services, NHSGG&C and are produced using the same methodology as the ISD report (there may be small differences due to using data from live systems at different times). 

Obesity has also been included in some of the reports from the Growing Up in Scotland Study - section 6.5.

Information about diet and physical activity can be found in the children's lifestyle section and the adult's lifestyle section of this site.

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