Scottish Cities

ESA and incapacity benefit rates in selected Scottish cities, 2000-2019

benefits ESA SCOT 2020 b

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Glasgow has consistently had a higher percentage of the working age population claiming incapacity benefits and ESA (Employment and Support Allowance) compared to the other selected Scottish cities and Scotland as a whole. However, the percentage claiming these kinds of benefits in the city has declined from 17.6% in 2000 to 9.8% in 2019.


Data included up to 2019 will not include any economic effects due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) is aimed at working-age people who are unable to work due to incapacity. It was introduced for new claimants in October 2008 and replaced Incapacity Benefit and Income Support paid because of an illness or disability. Data is sourced from NOMIS before 2017, and DWP thereafter.

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