Trends

Trends in Life Expectancy in Glasgow and Scotland over 190 years

The graph below compares trends in male and female life expectancy at birth in Glasgow and Scotland over 190 years.

LE Glas v Scot 1821 2015Click on graph to expand

  • Life expectancy for Glaswegian (and Scottish) men and women started to improve from around the 1890s onwards and has followed a consistent upward trajectory – excluding certain periods, such as the war years - over the last 120 years.
  • Life expectancy in Glasgow has been consistently lower than in Scotland.

  • In Glasgow in the late 1800s female life expectancy was only a couple of years longer than male life expectancy but then this gap widened considerably. More recently the gap started to narrow again. Currently female life expectancy in Glasgow is 5.6 years longer than for men.

The following trend graphs focus more specifically on the gap in life expectancy between Glasgow and Scotland and between men and women. 

Gap in Life Expectancy between males and females in Glasgow and Scotland over 140 years
LE Gap Glas v Scot 1821 2015Click on graph to expand

The gap in life expectancy between Glaswegian and Scottish males was nearly 10 years in the 1880s but had narrowed to 3.7 years by 2015; the equivalent gap for women had also been nearly 10 years in the 1880s but by 2015 had reduced to 2.2 years.

Gender gap in Life Expectancy compared between Glasgow and Scotland over 190 years

LE M F Gap Glas v Scot 1821 2015Click on graph to expand

On average women live longer then men. At a Scottish level this gender-related gap in life expectancy increased during the 20th century, spiking during the second world war and then reached a high point in the mid 1970s. Since then the deficit in male life expectancy has reduced from 6.5 years to 4.1 years by 2015.

The gap in life expectancy between men and women in Glasgow followed a similar trajectory but peaked later, in 2001, when a girl's life expectancy at birth was 7.4 years longer than a boy's life expectancy at birth. Since this peak the gap has narrowed to 5.6 years over the last decade.

Notes

The estimates used in these graphs come from a variety of sources and life expectancy figures for Glasgow are only available for a limited number of years, leading to the need to construct a notional trend line between years. These caveats should be noted and limit the accuracy of interpretation.

NB. The data on the graphs are presented as for individual years.  In reality, the life expectancy estimates are based on 3 year averages e.g. life expectancy labeled as 2015 is actually an estimate for the period 2014-2016.

Additional Resources

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