Click on the infographic for the key facts from this indicator group.
Employment and jobs
- Glasgow has had the highest business start-up rate within Glasgow and Clyde Valley in recent years, although the business survival rate (for businesses started in 2009) is lower in the city than in the surrounding local authorities.
- Glasgow has more jobs per resident than any other local authority in the Glasgow and Clyde Valley region, reflecting its position as the West of Scotland’s economic hub. Glasgow also has a higher job density than other Scottish cities with the exception of Aberdeen.
- 65% of working age Glaswegians were employed in 2015, which was 8% lower than the Scottish average.
- Underemployment in Glasgow (reflecting the number of employees who want/need to work more) has fallen from a high of 12.4% in 2012 to 8.7% in 2015.
- Glasgow has consistently had a higher rate of adults claiming out-of-work benefits than other Scottish cities although that rate has declined from 29.2% in 2000 to 16.1% in 2016.
- Similarly, the city has had a relatively highly rate of adults claiming incapacity benefits and ESA (Employment and Support Allowance), albeit that rate has also reduced significantly (from 17.7% in 2000 to 12.1% in 2016).
Economic inactivity, worklessness and unemployment
- Just under a third of the working age population in Glasgow is economically inactive, which is higher than the Scottish average.
- Unemployment is relatively high in Glasgow compared to other UK cities and neighbouring local authorities.
- The ILO unemployment rate for Glasgow increased from 8.1% in 2008 to 11.9% in 2012, but has since decreased to 8.5% in 2016.
- In 2014, 27% of households in Glasgow had no adults in employment. This figure has not changed appreciably in the last 9 years and is higher than in the other Scottish cities and in most other UK cities.
NB: Many of the trends described above have been strongly influenced by the global financial crisis (which began in 2007-2008) as well as by recent welfare policy changes.
Economic participation is recognised by economists, governments and policy makers as a key component of successful economies. Good quality employment provides a means for individuals to gain social and economic opportunities and to contribute constructively to society. The links between health and socioeconomic circumstance are well recognised. The WHO (World Health Organisation) report The Solid Facts – Social Determinants of Health (2003) noted that "unemployment puts health at risk" and goes on to underline that "unemployed people and their families suffer a substantially increased risk of premature death" and that "the health effects of unemployment are linked to both its psychological consequences and financial problems, especially debt".
This section currently includes indicators of incapacity and workless benefits, economic inactivity, business start-ups, job density, employment, unemployment and underemployment.
ResourceThursday, 26 May 2011A new, interactive index allowing users to measure and compare their lives.
ResourceFriday, 25 March 2011A report following Glasgow's year as European City of Culture, by John Myerscough
ResourceWednesday, 22 December 2010A review of economic and labour market data, with projections on what they mean for Glasgow.
ResourceMonday, 26 April 2010An exploration of the principles of ecological and economical thinking and their relationship.
ResourceMonday, 1 March 2010A report which covers various aspects of the skills and educational performance of Glasgow, drawing conclusions on Glasgow’s performance in relation to the strategic objective of creating a Smarter Scotland.
ResourceMonday, 1 February 2010A report which examines the Purpose Targets set out in the National Performance Framework for Scotland, before a conclusion on Glasgow’s performance in relation to the strategic objective of creating a wealthier and fairer Scotland.
ResourceSunday, 15 November 2009Assessment of progress towards the targets laid out in 2006's A Step Change for Glasgow strategy.
ResourceWednesday, 19 August 2009Brochure outlining the potential legacy of Glasgow's role as Commonwealth Games host city in 2014.
ResourceMonday, 3 April 2006A comprehensive report on health and its determinants in Glasgow and West Central Scotland