Health can be thought of and measured in many ways, as positive or negative well-being/mental health, length of life, absence of disease, freedom from disability, mortality and in terms of lifestyle and behaviour.
Our overview of health in Glasgow shows that, while health in Glasgow has improved over a century or more and as a result Glaswegians are living longer than ever before, comparatively the city has one of the poorest health profiles of any Scottish or UK city. This is in part because improvements in health have lagged behind other comparable cities in the UK.
The following summary provides some of the key health statistics for Glasgow:
- Estimated male life expectancy at birth in the city increased by 5.2 years (from 68.2 years to 73.4 years) and by 3.8 years for females (from 75 years to 78.8 years) over a 22 year period (from 1991-93 to 2013-15)
- The likelihood of a 15 year old Glaswegian living to their 65th birthday has increased over this period to 75% for boys and 85% for girls (in period 2008-12)
- For Glaswegian men, life expectancy at birth is 3.8 years less than in Scotland as a whole and Glaswegian women are predicted to live for 2.3 years less on average (in period 2013-15)
- There are wide geographic (and socio-economic) health inequalities exemplified by a 15 year gap in male life expectancy at birth across Glasgow’s neighbourhoods and an equivalent 11 year gap in female life expectancy (in the period 2008-12)
- Male life expectancy is approximately 13.7 years lower in the 10% of most deprived areas of Glasgow compared to the 10% of least deprived of the city; the equivalent gap for women has widened over the last two decades to 10.7 years (in the period 2010-12)
- Glaswegian men and women have the lowest health life expectancy in Scotland compared to other local authorities. The predicted period of life spent 'not in good health' is 16.7 years for men and 20 years for women (in the period 2009-2013)
- 24% of working age adults report having a disability (2012)
- Mental well-being has been consistently lower in Glasgow than in other Scottish cities
In the health domain of Understanding Glasgow, we illustrate health trends and compare health within the city and with other areas. The indicators we show include disability, life expectancy, healthy life expectancy and mental well-being.
In March 2016 the GCPH published Glasgow: health in a changing city, a report that examined life expectancy trends and inequalities in the city over the last two decades. The study also described changes in population, housing, environmental and socio-economic circumstances at a city and neighbourhood level.
The children's indicators section of Understanding Glasgow contains more detailed information on aspects of the children's health and wellbeing within Glasgow. Information on births and deaths is included in the population section. Information on Satisfaction and happiness and suicide is included in the mindset section.
Information on a range of health and health related indicators - cultural factors, environmental, socio-economic, education and poverty-related - at a neighbourhood level within Glasgow are available in our profile section.
ResourceThursday, 26 May 2011A new, interactive index allowing users to measure and compare their lives.
ResourceWednesday, 18 May 2011Why do equally deprived UK cities experience different health outcomes?
ResourceMonday, 14 February 20112008 Estimates for Glasgow City, Community Planning Partnership areas and Social Work Services Planning areas.
ResourceSunday, 1 November 2009An extension of the GCPH's work profiling Glasgow's health, produced in collaboration with the International Future Forum.
ResourceWednesday, 19 August 2009Brochure outlining the potential legacy of Glasgow's role as Commonwealth Games host city in 2014.
ResourceFriday, 17 July 2009Originally, produced for an international audience at a conference in Pittsburgh, USA, this film provides insights on health concerns and beliefs drawn from interviews with Glaswegians themselves and with a group of health experts.
ResourceMonday, 3 April 2006A comprehensive report on health and its determinants in Glasgow and West Central Scotland