Deprivation

Low birth weight by deprivationLBW by deprivation 2015

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The level of low birth weight births in the most deprived decile has improved markedly, resulting in a relative reduction of 29% from 11% (2000/01-2002/03) to 8% (2012/13-2014/15). In contrast, the level of low birth weight births in the least deprived decile has risen slightly, from 4%  (2000/01-2002/03) to 5% (2012/13-2014/15).

The level of low birth weight births in the most deprived decile has improved relative to Glasgow as a whole, having fallen from 40% above Glasgow’s level in the period 2000/01-2002/03 to 27% above Glasgow’s level by 2012/13-2014/15.

The level of low birth weight births in the least deprived decile has worsened relative to Glasgow as a whole, having risen from approximately half of Glasgow’s level in the period 2000/01-2002/03 to almost two thirds of Glasgow’s level by 2012/13-2014/15.

The level of low birth weight births in the most deprived decile has improved relative to the least deprived decile, dropping from a level that was three times as high in 2000/01-2002/03 to a level that was less than two times as high by 2012/13-2014/15.

Notes

Scottish Morbidity Records for maternities (SMR02) have been used here to calculate the proportion of babies born with low birth weights (<2500g). The data have been aggregated into rolling groups of three fiscal years to produce annual averages. Glasgow specific analyses were undertaken locally; the analysis by local authority has been provided by the Information Statistics Division (ISD).

Further explanation:
A birth weight of less than 2500g (approx 5lbs 8oz) is categorized as “low birth weight”. The figures presented are for singletons only, i.e. they exclude twins, triplets and other multiple births.

Low birth weight can be the end result of many different processes, including prematurity, poor nutrition, and exposure to toxins (such as nicotine) in the womb. Babies with low birth weight are more likely in adult life to have high blood pressure, coronary heart disease and non-insulin dependent diabetes.

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