Income Deprivation

Income deprivation across Scottish Cities, 2020Inc dep Scot Cities 2020

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Despite recent reductions in deprivation in the city, Glasgow still has a significantly more income deprived population than the other large Scottish cities. In Glasgow, nearly a fifth of the population (19.3%) are living in income deprivation compared to 16.4% in Dundee, 8.7% in Edinburgh and 8.6% in Aberdeen. The Scottish average was 12.1%. 


Income deprivation, as defined by the Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD), is a measure of the percentage of the population (adults and their dependents) in receipt of Income Support, Employment and Support Allowance, Job Seekers Allowance, Guaranteed Pension Credits, and Child and Working Tax Credits.

SIMD – Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation provides a relative measure of deprivation based on indicators from 7 domains – income, employment, health, education, access, housing, crime. The index identifies multiple deprivation for 6505 small areas (data zones) across Scotland.  There have been five versions of SIMD to date. The initial index of 2004 (SIMD 2004) has been revised five times in 2006 (SIMD 2006), 2009 (SIMD 2009), 2012 (SIMD 2012), 2016 (SIMD 2016) and 2020 (SIMD 2020). There is more information on the SIMD site.

Additional Resources

  • Resource
    Wednesday, 2 June 2010

    SIMD Analysis: Future Projections

    An analysis of the reasons behind the recent decline of deprivation in Glasgow, with tend projections towards 2015.
  • Resource
    Sunday, 1 November 2009

    Miniature Glasgow - Video

    An extension of the GCPH's work profiling Glasgow's health, produced in collaboration with the International Future Forum.
View more Resources »