In-work poverty

In-work poverty after housing costs

In Work Poverty to 2017-18Click graph to expand

In-work poverty measures the number of people in poverty within households where at least one person is in employment as a proportion of all those living in poverty. The graph above shows the percentage of individuals affected by in-work poverty after housing costs (AHC) among working age adults in poverty and among children in poverty.  Both sets of data refer to Scotland as a whole.

In the last year shown, 2017/18, in-work poverty AHC increased for working age adults to 60% from 56% in 2016/17, and for children to 66% in 2017/18 from 61% in 2016/17. The year with the highest figures is 2015/16, when in-work poverty AHC was at 64% for working-age adults and 70% for children.

There has been a gradual rise over the last 20 years in the proportions of working age adults and children in working households affected by poverty. For example, since 2000 the proportion of children in poverty affected by in-work poverty has increased in Scotland from 42% to 66%. 


‘In-work poverty’ refers to those individuals living in households where at least one member of the household is working (either full or part-time) but where the household income is below the relative poverty threshold (<60% of the median UK income in the same year). This measure is calculated on income before housing costs and after housing costs, but on this page we only show the figures after housing costs. 

The figures above refer to Scotland rather than Glasgow as estimates below Scottish level are not available.

These data are derived from Poverty and Income Inequality in Scotland: 2015-2018. More detail on in-work poverty in Scotland can be found in the Scottish Government document What do we know about in-work poverty in Scotland? 

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