In-work poverty

In-work poverty after housing costs

In work poverty Scot 98 99 to 18 19Click graph to expand

In-work poverty measures the number of people in poverty within households where at least one person is in employment as a proportion of all those living in poverty. The graph above shows the percentage of individuals affected by in-work poverty after housing costs (AHC) among working age adults in poverty and among children in poverty.  Both sets of data refer to Scotland as a whole.

In the last year shown, 2018/19, in-work poverty AHC increased for working age adults to 63% from 60% in 2017/18, and for children to 67% in 2018/19 from 66% in 2017/18. These rises were less than those of the previous year. The year with the highest figures was 2015/16, when in-work poverty AHC was at 64% for working-age adults and 70% for children.

There has been a gradual rise over the last 20 years in the proportions of working age adults and children in working households affected by poverty. Figures are not yet available for the period since Covid-19 and the associated restrictions, which may have an impact both on poverty and on work.


‘In-work poverty’ refers to those individuals living in households where at least one member of the household is working (either full or part-time) but where the household income is below the relative poverty threshold (<60% of the median UK income in the same year). This measure is calculated on income before housing costs and after housing costs, but on this page we only show the figures after housing costs. 

The figures above refer to Scotland rather than Glasgow as estimates below Scottish level are not available.

These data are derived from Poverty and Income Inequality in Scotland: 2016-2019. More detail on in-work poverty in Scotland can be found in the Scottish Government document What do we know about in-work poverty in Scotland? 

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