Since its inception in 2004, there have been four revisions to the Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD), in 2006, 2009, 2012 and 2016.  Analysis of changes in the overall ranking of data zones between revisions highlight changing patterns in the distribution of relative deprivation in Scotland.

Despite Glasgow having the highest concentrations of deprivation in Scotland, in successive revisions, Glasgow’s position relative to other areas has improved. The proportion of Glasgow’s data zones in the most deprived decile nationally had dropped from 47% (in SIMD 2004) to 32% (in SIMD 2016).

Distribution of deprivation in Glasgow over time
dep2016 overtime
Click on graph to expand

A detailed profile of deprivation in Glasgow, published by The Scottish Government, can be viewed here.  


SIMD – Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation provides a relative measure of deprivation based on indicators from 7 domains – income, employment, health, education, access, housing, crime. The index identifies multiple deprivation for 6505 small areas (data zones) across Scotland.  There have been five versions of SIMD to date. The initial index of 2004 (SIMD 2004) has been revised four times in 2006 (SIMD 2006), 2009 (SIMD 2009), 2012 (SIMD 2012) and 2016 (SIMD 2016).  For more information go to the SIMD site.

Deprivation deciles - the term ‘deprivation decile’ is used to represent 10% of a population with a particular level of deprivation. Thus, the most deprived decile equates to the most deprived 10% within a population, while the least deprived decile represents the 10% of a population living in the least deprived circumstances.

Additional Resources

  • Resource
    Wednesday, 2 June 2010

    SIMD Analysis: Future Projections

    An analysis of the reasons behind the recent decline of deprivation in Glasgow, with tend projections towards 2015.
  • Resource
    Sunday, 1 November 2009

    Miniature Glasgow - Video

    An extension of the GCPH's work profiling Glasgow's health, produced in collaboration with the International Future Forum.
View more Resources »