Click on the infographic for the key facts from this indicator group. Transport infographic - If you require a transcript or an accessible version please email info@gcph.co.uk

  • The number of licensed motorised vehicles in Scotland has more than doubled from 1.3 million in 1975 to over 3 million in 2021 (a rise of 135%)
  • Glasgow has the largest traffic volume of Scotland’s local authorities
  • 41% of Glaswegians commute to work by car (as driver or passenger), 30% by public transport (by bus, train or underground) and 27% walk or cycle
  • Only a small proportion of people cycle to work (1.6% - Census, 2011)
  • However, trips into and out of the city centre by bike have increased by 165% between 2009 and 2021 [an average increase of 14% annually], while pedestrian trips into the city centre increased by 19% [2% annually] in the period 2009-2018, but dropped sharply during the pandemic and have not fully recovered since then (Cordon Count Survey, 2021)
  • In 2022, 54% of school children in the city travelled to school by active means, mostly by walking (48%) while a few cycle (3.2%) or skate/scooter to school (2.5%).  Levels of walking to school have dropped by 6% since 2008 and 26% of children are driven to school.
  • There are wide variations in the levels of active travel between schools – from 9% to 96% across Glasgow primary schools (Hands Up 2008)
  • Adult and child road accident casualties have been reducing over time but casualties remain higher in the most deprived areas compared to the least deprived areas

(Sources: Census 2011, Scottish Transport Statistics, Glasgow City Centre Cordon Count, Hands Up Survey (2016), Stats19, SMR01)

Active, sustainable travel is good for population health and for the environment.  Public health leaders, policy makers and politicians have highlighted the importance of greater investment in sustainable, integrated transport to promote active travel, to create safe, attractive communities, to reduce carbon emissions and improve air quality.  Yet many transport trends are moving in the wrong direction – car usage is increasing, less people are walking, road traffic and vehicular emissions continue to increase. 

This section presents data analyses from a number of data sources to provide information on travel behaviour and transport in Glasgow in order to highlight positive and negative trends and to help identify future priorities for action.

The data on the Understanding Glasgow website comes from a variety of administrative sources and surveys, and the frequency of updates to these sources varies. The graphs and text on each page should indicate the period to which an indicator refers.  In some cases, where more recently published data is not available, we still use older published sources, such as the 2011 Census. Find out more about the timeliness of data presented on this website.

Additional Resources

View more Resources »