Male healthy life expectancy in Scotland's largest cities

Male HLE LE 2009 13 Scot Citiesclick on graph to expand

The graph above shows male life expectancy (LE) and healthy life expectancy (HLE) at birth in Scotland's four largest cities in the period 2009-2013. 

Edinburgh had the highest male LE at birth (77.5 years) and Glasgow City the lowest male LE at birth (72.6 years), a life expectancy gap of approximately 5 years.

HLE at birth broadly follows the same pattern, with Edinburgh having the highest male HLE (65.4years) and Glasgow City the lowest (55.9 years). This means that a boy born during 2009-2013, subject to the self-assessed health and mortality patterns for Glasgow City during that period, would be expected to live in a healthy state for 9.5 years less than a similar baby experiencing the patterns for Edinburgh.

A boy from Glasgow would be expected to have the longest period spent not in good health (16.7 years) - the difference between the estimates of overall life expectancy and healthy life expectancy.


Healthy life expectancy is an estimate of the average number of years a person from a particular place is likely to spend in good health. It is shorter than life expectancy because it excludes years likely to be spent in fair or poor health. The estimates are based on 5 years of data on deaths and populations, and a single year of data for self-assessed health from the Scotland Census for 2011 (the middle year).  

These data are reproduced from data provided on the ScotPHO website,  where LE and HLE estimates are provided in Excel workbooks for the 32 local authorities in Scotland based on the 5-year period 2009-2013. There are also estimates of LE and HLE at ages other than birth (with 95% confidence limits). 

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