Scottish Cities

Model based ILO unemployment rate for population aged 16 and over, selected Scottish cities, Scotland and the UK, April 2004-March 2019

ILO scot 2020

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The model-based ILO unemployment rates rose steeply in Scotland and all of the selected Scottish cities from 2008. In Glasgow, the model-based ILO unemployment rate increased from 6.5% in 2007/08, peaking to 12% in 2011/12, but has since reduced to 5.8% in 2018/19.


The UK Labour Force Survey is the key source of national information on the labour market; however it is not able to deliver direct estimates of unemployment with adequate precision for every local authority district or unitary authority (LAD/UA) because the sample size in many areas is insufficient. The model-based approach is based on determining a strong relationship between ILO unemployment (as measured by the Labour Force Survey) and auxiliary or covariate information (usually from Census or administrative sources). The main source of this additional information is the register of the number of recipients of job-seekers allowance (the ‘claimant count’). 

The definition of unemployment used by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) includes people who are without a job, want a job, have actively sought work in the last 4 weeks and are available to start work in the next 2 weeks; or, are out of work, have found a job and are waiting to start it in the next 2 weeks.

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