Scottish Cities

Employment rates for selected Scottish cities and Scotland, 2022
Employ Scot cities compClick on graph to enlarge

In 2022, 72% of working age Glaswegians were employed. Glasgow's employment rate is 2% lower than the Scottish average.

Job density: in 2021, job density in Glasgow was 1.03, which was higher than the Scottish average. Over the last two decades, all Scottish cities have consistently had higher job density levels than Scotland as a whole


The LFS definition of employment is anyone (aged 16 or over) who does at least one hour’s paid work in the week prior to their LFS interview, or has a job that they are temporarily away from (e.g. on holiday). Also included are people who do unpaid work in a family business and people on government supported employment training schemes, in line with ILO definitions.

The headline employment rate is the proportion of the working-age population who are in employment. The working-age population comprises men aged 16-64 and women aged 16-59 and therefore takes account of the school leaving age but does not align completely with the state pension age, which is in the process of change and rising.

Job density:
the number of jobs per working age resident and is used as indicator of labour demand. A job density greater than 1 indicates that there is more than one job per person for the working age population.

This page was updated in July 2023.

Additional Resources

  • Resource
    Thursday, 26 May 2011

    Your Better Life Index

    A new, interactive index allowing users to measure and compare their lives.
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    Friday, 25 March 2011

    Monitoring Glasgow 1990

    A report following Glasgow's year as European City of Culture, by John Myerscough
  • Resource
    Wednesday, 22 December 2010

    Economy & Labour Market Briefing

    A review of economic and labour market data, with projections on what they mean for Glasgow.
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    Monday, 26 April 2010

    Economies of Life

    An exploration of the principles of ecological and economical thinking and their relationship.
  • Resource
    Monday, 1 March 2010

    Towards a Smarter Glasgow

    A report which covers various aspects of the skills and educational performance of Glasgow, drawing conclusions on Glasgow’s performance in relation to the strategic objective of creating a Smarter Scotland.
  • Resource
    Monday, 1 February 2010

    Towards a Wealthier & Fairer Glasgow

    A report which examines the Purpose Targets set out in the National Performance Framework for Scotland, before a conclusion on Glasgow’s performance in relation to the strategic objective of creating a wealthier and fairer Scotland.
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    Sunday, 15 November 2009

    A Step Change for Glasgow – Assessing Progress against Targets

    Assessment of progress towards the targets laid out in 2006's A Step Change for Glasgow strategy.
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    Wednesday, 19 August 2009

    A Games Legacy for Glasgow

    Brochure outlining the potential legacy of Glasgow's role as Commonwealth Games host city in 2014.
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    Monday, 3 April 2006

    Let Glasgow Flourish

    A comprehensive report on health and its determinants in Glasgow and West Central Scotland
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