UK trends

GB income inequality trends (using the Gini coefficient)
Gini coeft trend GB 2016click on graph to expand

The graph above shows long-term trends in income inequality (as measured by the Gini coefficient*) for Great Britain.There have been dramatic changes in income inequality in the UK (including Scotland) over the last five decades. In the 1960s income inequality was relatively stable, and in the 1970s (up to 1978) income inequality actually reduced. From 1979 until the early 1990s there was a steep rise in income inequality. Since then income inequality has been relatively stable but has not reduced.   

Overall, this graph shows the extent to which UK (including Scottish) society has changed since the late 1970s, and how little recent trends change that overall picture.

As a result of these longterm trends (shown in the graph below), levels of income inequality in the UK are now among the highest in Europe

Income inequality in the UK in comparison to other European countries (using the Gini coefficient)
Gini coeft european comparison
click on graph to expand

Note

* The Gini coefficient measures the dispersion of the whole income distribution (rather than just comparing the extremes) and has a theoretical value ranging from 0 (representing complete equality in income) to 1 (representing complete inequality in income).

The graphs in this section have been derived from a GCPH report - Trends in earnings and income inequalities in Scotland and the UK 1997-2016 

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